The breast is a tissue overlying on the chest. Breast cancer is a malignant tumour that has formed in the cells of the breast. There are different types of breast cancer depending on which type of cell in the breast turns into cancer.
A woman's breasts are different from that of a man's because they are made of special tissue that produces milk as well as fatty tissues. Both can have breast cancer but women have a seemingly larger percentage that gets affected by breast cancer.
A breast is made up of three main parts:- lobules, ducts and connective tissue.
Lobules:- They are the glands that produce milk.
Ducts:- Are tube-like structures that carry milk to the nipple.
Connective tissues:- These are the fatty and fibrous tissues that hold everything together.
There are two common types of breast cancer:-
Invasive ductal carcinoma:-When cancer cells develop in the ducts and form cancer, it is known to be infectious or invasive as it breaks out in the milk ducts of the breast and spreads. Because these cancer cells can spread through the lymph nodes and possibly to other areas of the body. It is the most common type of breast cancer.
Invasive lobular carcinoma:- When the cancer cells appear in the lobules or the milk-producing glands of the breast. When the cancer cells have broken out in the lobules, there is a chance of them spreading through the lymph nodes. Only a small portion of breast cancer is invasive lobular carcinoma.
Breast cancer symptoms may be different for different people. Most individuals, don't even notice any symptoms or signs at all:-
When a woman is sent for a breast examination it doesn't mean that she has breast cancer. It is mostly just to clarify the doctor’s diagnosis. Some people are experts in diagnosing breast cancer-related issues, that will guide you with the procedures:-
Breast self-examination is a self-screening method that one can do by oneself. It can help create awareness or help you understand how your breast looks and feels under normal circumstances. Breast self Examination might cause one to get over-anxious about even small changes. Some might even overestimate self-breast examination, seeing it as the holy grail to detect breast cancer. Self-examination of your breast is not a reliable way to detect breast cancer.
You can prepare yourself for the self-examination of your breast by asking your doctor for a demonstration . A normal breast examination can be done in two steps :-
A visual examination of your breast
You can do a visual examination of your breast by sitting or standing in front of the mirror without a brasserie to visually inspect your breast . Once you're familiar with your breasts . Inspect for any changes like dimpling , puckering, sudden changes in size , shape or symmetry.
Inspect your breast while you place your hands on your hip and while raising your hands .You should also take a look at the ridges , by lifting up your breast to see if they are symmetrical or not .
A hands on examination of your breast
The most common way to perform a manual examination of your breast is while lying down or in the shower. It is better to do it in shower as the lather from the soap will guide your finger , smoothly through your breast . You can start the physical examination of your breast by pressing the finger pad’s of your three middle fingers . Your goal is to feel all the tissue inside your breast and check for any lumps or abnormalities . Take your time and don't rush in the process of examination. You can examine your breast in an anticlockwise or clockwise method , so that each tissue is examined perfectly .
Some of the relevant causes of breast cancer that cannot be changed are:-
Reproductive history:- Some women who had their firstborn after the age of 30 had a higher chance of having or developing breast cancer than a woman who had her kids in her late 20s.
These are the influential reasons for being a cause of breast cancer that one has control over:
Breast cancer can be treated in several ways. The treatment depends on the type of cancer and how far it has spread :-
The symptoms of breast cancer vary from lumps big and small to small changes in your skin. These changes may not be cancer but may also significantly less gratifying symptoms such as an infection or a cyst inside your breast. If you're over the age of 40 or 50, it is advised to incorporate a compulsory mammogram in your annual health care checkups. The earlier breast cancer is found and diagnosed, the better the chances of healing it.